Labour Retirement in Turkey

retirement turkey

Retirement is an important milestone in a person’s life, and understanding the intricacies of the retirement system is crucial for individuals in Turkey

With an aging population and a growing workforce, the retirement system in Turkey plays a significant role in ensuring financial security for retirees. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key aspects of labour retirement in Turkey, including eligibility, contributions, benefits, and the process of accessing pension funds. Whether you are an employee planning for retirement or an employer seeking to provide adequate retirement benefits, this article will provide valuable insights to navigate the Turkish retirement landscape.

Retirement Eligibility and Contributions in Turkey

In Turkey, individuals can become eligible for retirement benefits upon reaching a specific age and accumulating a minimum number of years of contribution to the social security system. The retirement age varies based on the type of employment and gender. Employees and employers contribute to the social security system through monthly deductions, with the accumulated contributions forming the basis for future retirement benefits.

Types of Retirement Benefits

The Turkish retirement system offers several types of benefits to retirees. These include old-age retirement benefits, early retirement benefits, and disability retirement benefits. Old-age retirement benefits are the most common and are provided to individuals who meet the eligibility criteria. Early retirement benefits allow individuals to retire before the standard retirement age, but with a reduced pension amount. Disability retirement benefits are available to individuals who are unable to work due to a permanent disability.

Calculation of Retirement Benefits

The calculation of retirement benefits in Turkey involves assessing the individual’s average earnings, the duration of contributions, and the applicable coefficient set by the Social Security Institution. The calculation formula takes into account the contribution period and aims to provide a fair and reasonable retirement income based on the individual’s earnings throughout their working years.

Accessing Pension Funds

Retirees can access their pension funds in different ways, including monthly pension payments, lump-sum payments, or a combination of both. Monthly pension payments provide a regular income stream to retirees, while lump-sum payments offer a one-time withdrawal of a portion of the accumulated pension fund. Individuals can choose the option that best suits their financial needs and goals.

Supplementary Retirement Plans

To enhance retirement income and provide additional financial security, individuals in Turkey can participate in supplementary retirement plans, such as private pension funds or individual retirement accounts. These plans allow individuals to make voluntary contributions to their retirement savings, benefiting from tax advantages and potential investment growth. Exploring these options can help individuals boost their retirement savings.

Retirement Planning and Tips

Retirement planning is essential to ensure a comfortable and financially secure retirement. Individuals should consider factors such as their desired lifestyle, healthcare needs, and inflation when planning for retirement. It is advisable to start saving early, take advantage of employer-provided retirement benefits, and seek professional advice to optimize retirement planning strategies.


Understanding the labour retirement system in Turkey is crucial for individuals and employers alike. This comprehensive guide has provided an overview of retirement eligibility, contributions, benefits, accessing pension funds, supplementary retirement plans, and retirement planning tips. By familiarizing themselves with these aspects and seeking professional guidance, individuals can make informed decisions, optimize their retirement savings, and enjoy a financially secure retirement in Turkey. Plan ahead, save diligently, and navigate the retirement landscape with confidence. Please click here if you are looking for further informations about retirement in Turkey.