Working conditions in Turkey (2022)
The legal duration of working time
45 hours. For more details on labor regulations.
The maximum duration
Maximum 11 hours / day
From 8:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. It is forbidden to work more than 7.5 hours during this slot.
Weekly rest days
The usual weekly rest day is Sunday. On weekends, public companies are closed. This is also the case in some private companies, but it is not uncommon to see private sector employees also work on Saturday mornings.
- Between 1 and 5 years of work in the same company, 2 weeks of vacation
- Between 5 and 15 years of work within the same company, 20 days of paid vacation
- Over 15 years old, 26 days of paid vacation
58 for women and 60 for men.
Minimum legal age to work
16 years old
The informal labor market
There are no official figures but it is estimated at 30-40%
The cost of labor
The minimum salary
In July 2022, the national minimum wage in Turkey was set at 5,500 TYR per month (about 330 USD).
The average salary
In 2020, monthly average gross earnings were TRY 4,514 per month (Statistical Institute, latest available data).
Other forms of remuneration
By law, overtime is paid 50% more than the normal rate. Overtime cannot exceed 270 hours/year.
However, in practice, this is left to the arbiter of the business manager.
For the weekends
Normal paid days
For night hours
For overtime at night
Social security costs
The areas covered
Old age, invalids and survivors, sickness and maternity, accidents at work, unemployment
Social security contributions paid by the employer:
The total of social security contributions paid by employees is 22.5%.
Short-term social security contributions 2%
Disability, old age, death 11%
General health insurance 7.5%
Social contributions paid by the employee:
All employees, including foreign nationals, are subject to compulsory social security. The total social security contributions paid by employees amount to 15%.
Handicap, old age, death 9%.
General health insurance 5%
The competent body
Social Security Institution (SGK) – administers the program and collects contributions
Ministry of Labor and Social Security (CGSB) – provides general supervision
Please contact our company for more information regarding working conditions in Turkey.