An Overview of Allowances in Turkey: Benefits and Eligibility Criteria

allowances turkey

Turkey offers a range of allowances and financial assistance programs to its citizens, aimed at providing support and addressing various needs.

These allowances cover a wide range of areas, including social security, education, healthcare, and disability support. In this article, we will provide an overview of the major allowances in Turkey, highlighting their benefits and eligibility criteria.

  1. Family Allowances in Turkey

Family Allowance is a social security benefit provided to families with children in Turkey. The program aims to alleviate the financial burden of raising children and promote their well-being. Eligible families receive monthly cash payments, which vary depending on the number of children and the income level of the household. The allowance is means-tested, and the income and asset criteria determine the eligibility and payment amount.

  1. Child Allowances in Turkey

Similar to Family Allowance, Child Allowance specifically targets families with low income. It provides financial support to families for the care and upbringing of their children. The amount of the allowance depends on the number of children and the income level of the household. Child Allowance aims to improve the living conditions of children in low-income families and ensure their access to basic needs, such as education, healthcare, and nutrition.

  1. Unemployment Allowances in Turkey

Unemployment Allowance is designed to support individuals who are involuntarily unemployed and seeking new job opportunities. It provides temporary financial assistance to cover basic living expenses during the period of unemployment. To qualify for the allowance, individuals must be registered as unemployed and actively seeking employment. The amount and duration of the allowance depend on the individual’s previous employment history and contributions to the social security system.

  1. Incapacity Allowances in Turkey

The Incapacity Allowance provides financial assistance to individuals who are unable to work due to a disability or incapacity. The program aims to ensure that individuals with disabilities can maintain their quality of life and meet their basic needs. Eligibility for the allowance is determined through a medical examination, which assesses the extent of the disability and its impact on the individual’s ability to work. The incapacity rate, contributions to the social security system, and income and asset criteria play a role in determining eligibility.

  1. Education Allowances in Turkey

Turkey offers various education allowances to support students at different stages of their education. These allowances include scholarships, grants, and financial aid programs. The Higher Education Credit and Dormitory Institution provides scholarships for undergraduate and graduate students based on academic merit and financial need. Additionally, there are programs that provide assistance with educational expenses such as textbooks, transportation, and accommodation for students from low-income families.

  1. Healthcare Allowances in Turkey

Healthcare Allowance aims to provide financial support for individuals with chronic illnesses or special medical needs. The program assists with the cost of medication, treatment, medical equipment, and healthcare services that are not fully covered by the public health insurance system. Eligibility for healthcare allowances may vary depending on the specific medical condition, income level, and other criteria defined by the Ministry of Health.


Turkey offers a comprehensive range of allowances and financial assistance programs to support its citizens in various aspects of life. From family and child allowances to unemployment, incapacity, education, and healthcare allowances, these programs play a crucial role in improving the well-being of individuals and families in need. Eligibility criteria for each allowance are based on factors such as income level, contribution history, medical condition, and specific needs. By providing these allowances, the Turkish government strives to ensure that all citizens have access to essential resources, enabling them to lead a dignified and fulfilling life.

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