Difference between Payroll in Turkey and Payroll in India

Payroll in Turkey and Payroll in India are distinct due to the differences in labor laws, taxation, and employment practices in each country.

Here are the key differences between Payroll Turkey and Payroll India:

Legal and Regulatory Environment:

  • Turkey:
    • Payroll in Turkey is subject to Turkish labor laws and regulations.
    • Employment contracts in Turkey are typically written in Turkish and must adhere to Turkish employment regulations.
    • Turkey has its own minimum wage regulations that employers must follow.
    • Employers and employees are required to contribute to social security schemes in Turkey, including health insurance, pension plans, and unemployment insurance.
  • India:
    • Payroll in India follows Indian labor laws, which can vary at the federal and state levels.
    • Employment contracts in India may be written in multiple languages, but they must adhere to Indian labor laws.
    • India also has a minimum wage structure that varies by state and occupation.
    • Indian employers and employees contribute to various social security schemes, including the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF), Employees’ State Insurance (ESI), and Gratuity.


  • Turkey:
    • Turkish payroll involves withholding income tax, social security contributions, and other applicable taxes from employees’ salaries.
    • Turkey has its own tax regulations that employers must adhere to when calculating employee salaries and benefits.
  • India:
    • Payroll in India requires withholding income tax, as well as contributions to various social security schemes and other taxes.
    • India has a complex tax system, and employers must comply with income tax laws, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), and other tax regulations.

Social Security and Benefits:

  • Turkey:
    • Turkish employees and employers contribute to social security schemes that include health insurance, pension plans, and unemployment insurance.
  • India:
    • India’s social security system includes schemes like the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF), which provides retirement benefits, and the Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) scheme for medical benefits.
    • Employers also provide benefits such as gratuity and maternity benefits in compliance with Indian labor laws.

Reporting and Compliance:

  • Turkey:
    • Turkish companies must comply with reporting requirements set by Turkish authorities, including the Ministry of Finance and Social Security Institution.
  • India:
    • Indian businesses need to adhere to reporting and compliance requirements set by various government agencies, including the Income Tax Department, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), and the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC).

Labor Practices and Culture:

  • Turkey:
    • Turkish labor practices and workplace culture may have their own unique characteristics and customs.
  • India:
    • India’s labor practices and workplace culture are influenced by a diverse and dynamic workforce, with variations in customs and practices across regions and industries.

In summary, Payroll Turkey and Payroll India differ significantly due to variations in labor laws, taxation, employment contracts, social security systems, and cultural factors in each country. Businesses operating in these countries must navigate these complex systems effectively to ensure compliance with local regulations. Seeking expert guidance or using professional payroll services is often advisable to manage payroll effectively and legally in both Turkey and India.

Azkan Group can support you in your Employer of Record (EOR) and payroll requests (also called Umbrella Company) in Turkey. We can manage your HR requests even if you don’t have a legal entity in Turkey.