Protecting Employee Rights in Turkey: A Path to Fair and Inclusive Workplaces

employee turkey

Respecting and safeguarding the rights of employees is paramount for fostering fair and inclusive workplaces. In Turkey, the protection of employee rights has been a subject of ongoing discussion and improvement.

This article explores the key aspects of employee rights in Turkey, including labor laws, workplace safety, gender equality, and collective bargaining. By examining the current state of employee rights and the challenges faced, we can identify areas for improvement and work towards creating an environment that promotes dignity, equality, and justice for all workers.

Labor Laws and Employment Contracts

Turkey’s labor laws provide a legal framework to protect employee rights. The Labor Law No. 4857 sets out various provisions related to employment contracts, working hours, minimum wage, annual leave, termination, and severance pay. It aims to establish fair working conditions and safeguard employees from exploitation.

Employment contracts in Turkey are typically written agreements that outline the terms and conditions of employment. They specify working hours, wages, leave entitlements, and other essential details. However, challenges arise when employees are engaged in informal or precarious work arrangements, such as temporary contracts or freelancing, where their rights may be compromised.

Workplace Safety and Health

Ensuring a safe and healthy working environment is a crucial aspect of protecting employee rights. In Turkey, the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331 establishes regulations for workplace safety and health practices. It outlines employer responsibilities, risk assessments, training requirements, and the establishment of workplace health and safety committees.

Despite these legal provisions, workplace accidents and occupational health hazards remain significant concerns. Efforts to strengthen workplace safety enforcement, raise awareness, and improve training programs are necessary to prevent accidents, reduce occupational diseases, and protect workers’ well-being.

Gender Equality and Equal Opportunities

Promoting gender equality and equal opportunities in the workplace is essential for ensuring fair treatment and advancement for all employees. Turkey has made progress in this area through legislation such as the Law on the Protection of Equality, which prohibits discrimination based on gender, among other grounds.

However, gender disparities persist, particularly in terms of pay gaps, underrepresentation of women in leadership roles, and challenges faced by working mothers. Encouraging gender-sensitive policies, promoting work-life balance, and implementing affirmative action measures are crucial steps towards achieving true gender equality in the workplace.

Collective Bargaining and Union Rights

Collective bargaining and union rights are fundamental to employee rights. In Turkey, workers have the right to form and join trade unions, engage in collective bargaining, and participate in strikes, as outlined in the Law on Trade Unions and Collective Labor Agreements.

However, challenges arise due to limited union membership and restrictions on the exercise of collective bargaining rights, particularly in certain sectors. Ensuring the effective protection of union rights and encouraging dialogue between employers and employees are crucial for addressing labor issues and negotiating fair working conditions.


Protecting employee rights in Turkey is vital for creating workplaces that are fair, inclusive, and respectful of human dignity. While the country has established labor laws and regulations to safeguard workers, challenges persist in areas such as workplace safety, gender equality, and collective bargaining. It is essential for the government, employers, and civil society to collaborate and strengthen efforts to address these challenges. By promoting transparency, enforcing labor laws effectively, and fostering a culture of respect and equality, Turkey can build an environment where employees are empowered, valued, and able to thrive.

Azkan Group can support you in your Employer of Record (EOR) and payroll requests (also called Umbrella Company) in Turkey. We can manage your HR requests even if you don’t have a legal entity in Turkey.