Unlocking Entrepreneurial Potential: Exploring Sole Proprietorship in Turkey

sole proprietorship turkey

For aspiring entrepreneurs in Turkey, establishing a business can be an exciting but challenging endeavor. One popular option for small-scale businesses is the sole proprietorship, a straightforward and accessible corporate structure.

This article delves into the concept of sole proprietorship in Turkey, exploring its features, benefits, and considerations. By understanding the nuances of sole proprietorship, entrepreneurs can make informed decisions and harness the potential of this business structure.

Definition and Formation

A sole proprietorship is a business structure where an individual operates and owns the business. It is the simplest and most common form of business ownership in Turkey. Forming a sole proprietorship is relatively uncomplicated, requiring minimal paperwork and legal formalities. Entrepreneurs can register their business with the local trade registry office, obtain necessary permits, and begin operations.

Liability and Ownership

One key aspect of sole proprietorship is that there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business. The sole proprietor has complete ownership and control over the business, making all decisions and assuming all responsibilities. However, this also means that the owner is personally liable for all debts and obligations incurred by the business. Personal assets can be at risk in the event of legal claims or financial difficulties.

Taxation and Financial Considerations

Sole proprietors are subject to personal income tax on their business income. They are not required to pay separate corporate taxes. This simplicity in taxation is one of the advantages of sole proprietorship. Additionally, the sole proprietor can deduct business expenses from their taxable income, reducing the overall tax liability. However, it is essential to maintain accurate financial records to comply with tax regulations.

Flexibility and Decision-making

As the sole decision-maker, the proprietor has the flexibility to shape the business according to their vision and goals. They can respond quickly to market changes and adapt business strategies without the need for extensive consultations or consensus. This autonomy allows for agile decision-making, making sole proprietorship an attractive option for entrepreneurs seeking maximum control and minimal bureaucracy.

Limitations and Considerations

While sole proprietorship offers simplicity and autonomy, it also has certain limitations. The primary concern is unlimited liability, meaning the owner’s personal assets are at risk in case of legal disputes or financial troubles. This risk can be mitigated through adequate insurance coverage. Additionally, sole proprietorship may face challenges in raising capital, as it relies on the proprietor’s personal resources and creditworthiness. This can limit expansion opportunities or accessing larger-scale funding options.

Transitioning to Other Structures

As a business grows, the sole proprietor may consider transitioning to a different corporate structure, such as a Limited Liability Company (LLC) or Joint Stock Company (JSC). These structures offer limited liability protection and more flexibility in terms of ownership and management. The transition process involves legal procedures, including re-registration and restructuring of the business. Entrepreneurs should consult legal and financial experts to understand the implications and advantages of switching to a different corporate structure.


Sole proprietorship in Turkey provides a simple and accessible avenue for entrepreneurs to pursue their business aspirations. While it offers flexibility and minimal regulatory requirements, the owner assumes personal liability. Entrepreneurs should carefully evaluate their risk appetite and long-term goals before opting for sole proprietorship, and seek professional advice to ensure compliance and maximize their business potential.

Azkan Group can support you in your Employer of Record (EOR) and payroll requests (also called Umbrella Company) in Turkey. We can manage your HR requests even if you don’t have a legal entity in Turkey.