List of Work Requiring Seven and a Half Hours or Less per Day in Turkey

Work that can be performed for a maximum of seven and a half hours a day in Turkey

1) Quarry works related to the extraction of ores such as galenite, serusite, anglezite, etc. from which lead is produced.

2) Smelting works carried out for the production of lead from leaded mines or from ash, mine foam, lead furnace soot, pigment residue and similar materials containing lead.

3) Lead alloy works with antimony, tin, bronze and similar materials.

4) Work with lead or lead alloys, such as flame cutting of lead plates and solder, flame burning of lead paints and the production of plates, wires, pipes, accumulators, bottle capsules, etc.

5) Preparation of toxic and chemical lead or arsenic compounds such as oleoresin, sulphene, lead tetraethyl.

6) Enamelling, chamois, oak, rubber, china, glass, ornamental stones, flowers and toys, painting of buildings, weaving and automobiles, painting, colour printing and letter printing (typography) works carried out in confined spaces, indoors or in places that are not ventilated in accordance with health, where substances such as paint and varnish containing lead and arsenic are used.

7) Welding lead plates together.

b) Glass industry works:

1) Pulverising, sieving, mixing and drying of primitive materials used in glassmaking (unless there is an automatic machine installation in fully enclosed rooms to carry out these works or a ventilation system that reduces the dust in the working environment to a level that does not pose a health hazard).

2) Melting works (unless working with automatic feeding furnaces).

3) Firing works.

4) Blowing works (unless done by fully automatic machines).

5) Glass works made with pressure (glass pressurisation works).

6) Crucible glass casting works in the art of mirror glass (unless the crucibles are transported to the mould table by mechanical means).

7) Glass removal works from the furnace.

8) Correction works in spreading furnaces.

9) Shaving

10) Acid etching and polishing works.

11) Work with devices that spray sand with compressed air (unless there is a ventilation system that reduces dust in the working environment to a level that does not pose a health hazard).

12) Work carried out in ladle and stone rooms.

c) Mercury industry works:

1) Gold and silver separation works from mercury amalgams, zinc amalgam works in the accumulator industry, mercury-lead soldering works in the production of mortar materials.

2) Works on the construction of mercury tools.

3) Construction works of mercury vapour electric bulbs.

4) Preparation of mercury compounds such as sublimation, calomel and mercury fulminate and works with mercury in labouratories.

ç) Cement industry works:

1) Crushing, crushing, crushing, sieving and mixing of primitive materials.

2) Baking works in automatic ovens.

3) Clinker grinding, sieving, putting into bags and barrels (unless an arrangement is made to prevent dust from spreading automatically).

d) Work in coke factories and thermal power plants:

1) Fireman, furnace cleaning, generator, filling, emptying and cleaning works.

2) Chemical treatment works.

3) Repair and cleaning works of the devices and pipes through which the gas passes.

4) Coal and quarry works in coke factories.

5) Fireman’s work in the boiler room of electric power generation plants, transport of ashes and coals, (in case of manual fireman’s work or in the absence of facilities to prevent the spread of dust in the transport of ashes and coals).

6) Fireman’s work in the boiler room of thermal power plants and all kinds of steam boilers, transport of ashes and coals (in case of manual fireman’s work or in the absence of facilities to prevent the spread of dust in the transport of ashes and coals).

e) Zinc industry works:

1) Pulverisation, mixing, sieving and baking of zinc ore.

2) Operation of the distillation furnace, removal of ashes and slag from the furnaces.

3) Alloying works with zinc.

4) Packaging of zinc powder.

5) Continuous galvanised iron soldering works.

6) Chemical and industrial works using zinc powder.

7) Works in electrolytic zinc mine production facilities.

f) Copper industry works:

1) Work carried out in mines where copper ore is extracted.

2) Enrichment and extraction of ore by dry or wet methods.

3) Washing, flotation and smelting of ore in copper factories.

4) Melting and casting of scrap copper.

g) Aluminium industry works:

1) Aluminium oxide production works.

2) Aluminium bronze preparation works.

3) Aluminium ore production works.

ğ) Iron and steel industry works.

1) Work on the conversion of ore into iron in iron smelters and work done in furnaces and casting departments of pipe factories.

2) Works carried out in the steel-making furnaces of the steelworks and in the second-order furnaces and converters which are one of their accessories and appurtenances.

3) Works related to the transport of iron and steel in liquid form with installations and equipment or mechanically.

4) Transport and processing of hot or liquid slag.

5) Works carried out in rolling mills (except rolling mills working with cold iron), furnaces, rolling mills, rolling mill series, works carried out with installations and tools that feed the rolling mill with hot or liquid steel or iron, and cutting and preparation of semi-finished parts in hot state.

6) Works carried out in iron and steel pressing machines, feeding these machines with hot iron or steel and lifting or transporting the hot parts made.

7) Crushing, crushing and pulverising of slag, filling the powder into sacks and loading.

h) Foundry industry works:

1) Preparation of mould sand.

2) Making of casting moulds and cores and making them ready for casting.

3) Preparation of casting charge and making all kinds of metal melting (smelting) furnaces ready for casting.

4) Mineral smelting and pouring works.

5) Dismantling of moulds and cleaning of castings.

6) Centrifugal and vertical casting construction works.

ı) Coating works:

1) Glossy and matt coating works (galvanising).

2) Polishing works.

3) Tinning works.

4) Galvanising works by filling.

5) Acid surface cleaning works.

i) Carbide industry works:

1) Melting of lime and coke in arc furnaces.

j) Acid industry works:

1) Preparation of raw materials for acid.

2) Works in the stages of making acid.

3) Resting, loading, unloading and transport of acid.

4) Works on obtaining acid from flue gases.

k) Accumulator industry works:

1) Accumulator construction and repair works.

2) Accumulator water preparation and charging works.

l) Welding works

1) Welding works carried out under all kinds of protective gas.

2) Submerged arc welding works.

3) Oxygen and electric welding works.

m) Quenching works for mines:

1) Quenching works (hardening).

2) Semantisation works.

n) Rubber processing works:

1) Mixing and baking of rubber compound.

2) Hot vulcanisation works carried out without the use of automatic installations in places that are not ventilated in accordance with health.

o) Underground works:

1) Underground works such as quarrying (except for mercury quarries where elemental mercury is found to be present), sewerage and tunnelling.

ö) Works performed with radioactive and radioionising substances:

1) Work performed with natural and artificial radioactive and radioionising substances or all other sources of corpuscular emanation, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 1 of the Law No. 3153 dated 19/4/1937 on Radiology, Radiom and Electrical Treatment and Other Physiotherapy Establishments.

p) Noisy jobs:

1) Works whose noise level exceeds the highest effective exposure value (8h=85 dB(A)).

r) Work that requires working under water in compressed air:

1) Work requiring working under water in compressed air at a depth of up to 20 metres or at a pressure of 2 kg/cm2 (including descent, ascent, transition).

s) Work with dust causing pneumoconiosis:

1) Work in workplaces where dust causing pneumoconiosis is present.

ş) Pesticides:

1) Work involving the use of pesticides.

Work requiring less than seven and a half hours of work per day

a) Works requiring work under water in compressed air (including descent, ascent, transition):

1) 7 hours at a depth of 20-25 (except 20) m. or a pressure of 2-2,5 (except 2) kg/cm2.

2) 6 hours at 25-30 (except 25) m. depth or 2,5-3 (except 2,5) kg/cm2 pressure.

3) 30-35 (except 30) m. depth or 3-3,5 (except 3) kg/cm2 pressure for 5 hours.

4) 4 hours at 35-40 (except 40) m. depth or 3,5-4 (except 3,5) kg/cm2 pressure.

5) For divers, these periods are 3 hours up to 18 metres and 1/2 hour at depths up to 40 metres.

b) Mercury works:

1) Work in mercury smelting furnaces 6 hours.

2) Work in quarries containing elementary mercury 6 hours.

c) Lead works:

1) Removal of dry dusts accumulated in the batching rooms of lead smelting furnaces 4 hours.

ç) Carbon sulphur works:

1) Work where there is a danger of exposure to carbon sulphide 6 hours.

d) Insecticides:

1) Preparation, packaging, solution preparation and application of carbamate and organic phosphorus insecticides 6 hours.